Europeans in a number of countries are seeking to arm themselves with guns and self-defense devices in growing numbers following a series of attacks by militants and the mentally ill. Here are some figures.
* In Germany, permits for scare devices including blank guns and those that fire pepper spray rose 49 percent to 402,301 in the year to June, federal statistics show.
However, the number of certificates to possess firearms dipped marginally to 1,894,283 from 1,898,360 a year earlier. These are intended for sports marksman or gun collectors who must keep their weapon in a closed container and transport ammunition separately.
The number of licenses for civilians permitted to carry loaded weapons fell to 12,221 from 12,760. These are given only to people considered to be “particularly endangered” or those who need them for their profession.